To the east, the construction of an enclosure at the rear of the residence suggests a desire to enrich the grounds, if the hypothesis of a garden or orchard installation is retained. This set up would also have increased the villa’s security by creating an additional barrier. The main building was equipped with a bathhouse and beneath floor heating systems in at least two of its rooms. A lifestyle wherein the notion of “well-being” was gaining in importance, is underscored by these findings.
Agricultural and artisanal activities also appear to be supported by the evidence. These activities would have been primarily focused on wooden tool production, and the installation of a basin and several tanks, connected by a hydraulic network. The resulting products could be stored in annex buildings elevated on supporting posts. The construction techniques adopted for buildings changed considerably over time, but wood was still a primary component. The domain’s division into two parts was patent at this point, with a residence to the west and a group of other spaces to the east, whose status is more uncertain, but which include a masonry building of significant dimensions, akin to a “pseudo-residence.”
The beginning of the 5th c. AD marks the end of frequent visitation of the villa, though one portion of the location may have already been or was in the process of being dismantled prior to this cessation of activity. A few vestiges –pits, post holes and a cooking hearth— supplied material culture dating to the end of Late Antiquity and were primarily located in the southern part of the residence.
The excavation resulted in numerous studies and analyses; the participation of some twenty researchers notably contributed to identifying and describing a number of activities specific to site function and character. In addition to evidence relating to agriculture and animal husbandry, remarkably well-preserved wooden designs have also been linked to a highly probable artisanal production of basketry and textiles within the villa. These activities, sometimes considered a specialty of the Treviri, are increasingly attested to thanks to recent discoveries. Several representations of craftsmen or textile merchants are known and the funerary stelae relate to merchants from the city of Mediomatrici. This flourishing of the textile trade in the capital, relied on methods of simple but structured production capable of supplying the city. The vision of this framework and short distribution circuit appears to be reinforced by the aforementioned material discoveries. Furthermore, though long-distance trade is observable, as through the example of selected wine importation from Italy, the Rhône valley and the Baetica, at the start of the Roman period, as well as subsequently through the timber trade originating in the Vosges forest around the 3rd c. AD, the majority of material production was elaborated in regional workshops, regardless of the chronological period considered. Material culture analysis punctuates the content of this volume, and includes an impressive catalogue of coins accessible online.
This case study provides a precise depiction of the development and evolution of a vast Roman rural settlement, of which the totality of its physical extent was revealed, which is exceptional in France. The results of this endeavor, based on an exhaustive and multidisciplinary approach, constitute a particularly illustrative example of the major contributions of rescue archeology, and make this villa a landmark in the history of research on the Roman countryside in Belgian Gaul.